A welcome decision in Oskarshamn

Press releases   •   Jun 18, 2018 09:53 UTC

​The municipal council in Oskarshamn decided yesterday that it stands behind Svensk Kärnbränslehantering’s plan to build a nuclear fuel encapsulation plant in the municipality.

Large majority in favour of a nuclear fuel repository in Forsmark

News   •   Jun 01, 2018 09:31 UTC

Three out of four residents in Östhammar Municipality are in favour of the planned final repository for spent nuclear fuel in Forsmark. That is what the annual opinion poll conducted by Novus for SKB in Östhammar Municipality shows. In Oskarshamn Municipality, 79 percent are in favour of the construction of the encapsulation plant Clink.

Further documentation will provide clearer answers regarding the copper canister

News   •   Feb 28, 2018 12:00 UTC

​Almost all parts of the application are approved, but the Land and Environment Court requests more documentation on the copper canister. Allan Hedin is a safety analyst at SKB and leads the work of preparing the supplementary documentation.

Two statements on the Spent Fuel Repository

News   •   Feb 19, 2018 07:00 UTC

​The answer was a clear yes in SSM’s statement to the Government on SKB’s system for final disposal of spent nuclear fuel. The Land and Environment Court was also positive in several important respects but calls for more documentation on the copper canisters.

Swedish Radiation Safety Authority recommends approval of the Spent Fuel Repository

Press releases   •   Jan 23, 2018 10:30 UTC

​The Swedish Radiation Safety Authority, SSM, recommends the Government to grant a licence for a final repository for spent nuclear fuel in Forsmark and an encapsulation plant in Oskarshamn.

The Land and Environment Court’s statement in the environmental licensing process

Press releases   •   Dec 25, 2017 09:00 UTC

Today, the Land and Environment Court submitted its statement to the Government in the case concerning a final repository for spent nuclear fuel.

The court approves large parts of the application: issues relating to the site Forsmark, the rock, the buffer and the environmental impact assessment. The court also approves the encapsulation plant in Oskarshamn and increased capacity in the interim storage facility Clab. However, the court requests further information regarding the properties of the canister and long-term safety.

Eva Halldén, Managing Director.

– We can conclude that we have not been able to answer the court’s questions regarding the copper canister fully. At the same time, the Government’s expert authority, the Swedish Radiation Safety Authority (SSM), wrote in its statement that SKB has the potential to meet the legislative requirements on safe final disposal, says SKB’s managing director Eva Halldén.

SSM tries the application under the Nuclear Activities Act. Licensing under the Nuclear Activities Act is a stepwise process and SKB is already working on in-depth descriptions regarding the issues where the court calls for further answers.

– When we have submitted the documentation requested by SSM, we are certain that the Government will approve the final repository also under the Environmental Code, says Eva Halldén.

In the 1970s, the nuclear power companies in Sweden formed the Swedish Nuclear Fuel and Waste Management Company, SKB. Our task is to manage and dispose of all the radioactive waste from nuclear power plants in Sweden. The waste management must meet the highest requirements on safety for human beings and the environment. The task is so extensive that we consider it one of Sweden’s largest environmental protection projects.

Our task is to deal with all the radioactive waste from nuclear power plants in Sweden. In doing so we must meet the most stringent requirements regarding the safety of human beings and the environment. This task is so extensive that we view it as Sweden's largest environmental protection project.

​Today, the Land and Environment Court submitted its statement to the Government in the case concerning a final repository for spent nuclear fuel.

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One step closer to an extended SFR

Press releases   •   Dec 14, 2017 08:00 UTC

The Land and Environment Court and the Swedish Radiation Safety Authority have announced SKB’s application for a licence to extend the Final Repository for Short-lived Radioactive Waste, SFR, in Forsmark.

– An extension of SFR creates capacity for final disposal of low- and intermediate-level waste from the decommissioning of the Swedish nuclear power plants. The announcement is another step on the way to fulfilling our important task, says SKB’s managing director Eva Halldén.

The application for permission to extend the existing SFR was submitted in 2014 and this week’s announcement means that the review continues and enters the next phase. The Land and Environment Court will now refer the application for comment to concerned regulatory authorities, organisations and other parties that will have an opportunity to offer comments on the matter. Thereafter, the case is tried under the Swedish Environmental Code in a main hearing, which is planned for the end of 2018.

– The material in our application shows that the facility as a whole will remain safe both during operation and in the long term. Now we look forward to the referral procedure in the spring and the planned main hearing later in the year, says Peter Larsson, project manager for the SFR Extension Project.

At the same time, the Swedish Radiation Safety Authority tries the application under the Nuclear Activities Act. The two licensing processes are pursued in parallel.

Our task is to deal with all the radioactive waste from nuclear power plants in Sweden. In doing so we must meet the most stringent requirements regarding the safety of human beings and the environment. This task is so extensive that we view it as Sweden's largest environmental protection project.

​The Land and Environment Court and the Swedish Radiation Safety Authority have announced SKB’s application for a licence to extend the Final Repository for Short-lived Radioactive Waste, SFR, in Forsmark.

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A week in Östhammar with a focus on the environment

News   •   Oct 16, 2017 08:30 UTC

​The fourth week of the hearing began with the court presenting the schedule for the week. SKB’s legal representative presented SKB’s demands with a special focus on the Spent Fuel Repository.

A week in Oskarshamn with inspections

News   •   Oct 10, 2017 10:00 UTC

​About 70 people were present at Forum in Oskarshamn when the third week of the main hearing began on Monday afternoon. SKB, the Swedish Radiation Safety Authority and other regulatory authorities, the municipalities, environmental organisations and both local newspapers were represented.

Environmental licensing of the Spent Fuel Repository has started

Press releases   •   Sep 19, 2017 13:00 UTC

The main hearing on SKB’s application for a licence to build a system for management and disposal of Sweden’s spent nuclear fuel started September 5.

The main hearing takes place during five weeks. The first two weeks will be in Stockholm, followed by one week in Oskarshamn and Östhammar Municipality before the hearing is concluded with a final week in Stockholm.

– We look forward to the review of the final disposal project in the Land and Environment Court. The environmental licensing is an important step in our task to manage the spent nuclear fuel in Sweden safely over the long term, says Eva Halldén, Managing Director of SKB.

After the hearing, the court withdraws to write its statement. No judgement will be given in this case, but the court will present a statement to the Government on whether the activities are permissible under the Environmental Code.

The Government grants a licence

SKB’s application is also being reviewed under the Nuclear Activities Act. The review is done by the Swedish Radiation Safety Authority, which has stated that it will submit its statement to the Government at about the same time as the Land and Environment Court submits its statement. Thereafter, the municipalities concerned, Östhammar and Oskarshamn, will submit their views to the Government, which takes the final decision on whether to grant a licence for the project.

SKB submitted the original application in 2011. Since then, it has been reviewed by various experts and supplemented according to the referral procedure of the court.

Research and technology development

The extensive application, covering more than 10,000 pages, is based on the research and technology development conducted by SKB for nearly 40 years, in parallel with the siting process. SKB carried out feasibility studies in eight municipalities and site investigations in two municipalities before Forsmark was chosen as a suitable site in 2009.

SKB’s method for final disposal of the spent nuclear fuel is called KBS-3 and is based on three protective barriers: copper canisters, bentonite clay and the Swedish bedrock. The licensing process includes a final repository in Forsmark, an encapsulation plant next to the interim storage facility in Oskarshamn (Clink), and transportation.

SUMMARY OF WEEK TWO

A week with many replies

The second week of the main hearing began on Monday, September 11th, with the continued presentation of their views by the other parties. Issues such as copper corrosion in an oxygen-free environment, the siting of a final repository on the coast and the method deep boreholes were discussed.

The afternoon was devoted to SKB’s replies. SKB presented these by topic and first was our reply on deep boreholes, followed by a reply concerning radiation risks. The last topic of the day was our reply on copper corrosion, where SKB answered the court’s question of why SKB has chosen copper as the canister material and responded to all views presented by the other parties. Uppsala university was also present and presented the university’s study of copper corrosion in oxygen-free water. There was a lively discussion, which concluded the day.

SKB continued to reply on both Tuesday and Wednesday. The function of the bentonite, fractures in the buffer, rock stresses, earthquakes, canister durability and post-closure safety were some of the issues discussed. Tuesday afternoon was concluded with a reply concerning the choice of the site Forsmark for the Spent Fuel Repository. On Wednesday, replies followed to questions regarding, for example, background radiation in Forsmark, earth-tide and how the closure of the Spent Fuel Repository will be carried out.

Responsibility after closure

The court requested answers to the questions asked on day one of the hearing, concerning the responsibility of a licence holder after closure and whether this requires any regulation in the licence under the Environmental Code. The requirements according to the Nuclear Activities Act are that the Spent Fuel Repository shall be designed, constructed and operated in such a way that no active measures are required after closure. Therefore, according to SKB’s view, there is no need to regulate issues concerning post-closure measures in the licence under the Environmental Code. The Swedish Radiation Safety Authority (SSM), the County Administrative Board in Uppsala, Östhammar Municipality and the Swedish Society for Nature Conservation presented their opinions in these matters. Several parties were of the opinion that some form of regulation is required.

Next on the schedule were the EIS and consultations. SKB described how and why consultations were held and how the results were integrated into the Environmental Impact Statement, which in turn is a part of SKB’s application. SKB also presented the Environmental Impact Statement broadly. Detailed descriptions of environmental consequences will be presented in Oskarshamn and Östhammar as the hearing continues at each location. In conclusion, the court presented the viewpoints provided by Esbo consultations.

Parallel licensing processes

On the last day of the hearing, the court started by asking the Swedish Radiation Safety Authority (SSM) and SKB questions that it wants to have answered during the last week of the hearing. The question to SSM was about the long-term impact on biodiversity and ecosystems. The questions to SKB concerned SKB’s view on the parallel licensing processes under the Nuclear Activities Act and the Environmental Code and the licences that may be the result of them.

The afternoon was devoted to final comments concerning copper corrosion, since there was not enough time in the beginning of the week. SKB described how we have approached the issue of copper corrosion in oxygen-free water and why we can claim that copper corrosion in oxygen-free water does not affect the long-term safety of the Spent Fuel Repository.

The hearing will continue on October 2nd in Oskarshamn.

Our task is to deal with all the radioactive waste from nuclear power plants in Sweden. In doing so we must meet the most stringent requirements regarding the safety of human beings and the environment. This task is so extensive that we view it as Sweden's largest environmental protection project.

​The main hearing on SKB’s application for a licence to build a system for management and disposal of Sweden’s spent nuclear fuel started September 5.

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About Svensk Kärnbränslehantering AB, SKB

We take care of the Swedish radioactive waste

Our task is to deal with all the radioactive waste from nuclear power plants in Sweden. In doing so we must meet the most stringent requirements regarding the safety of human beings and the environment. This task is so extensive that we view it as Sweden's largest environmental protection project.

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  • Svensk Kärnbränslehantering AB, SKB
  • Evenemangsgatan 13
  • 169 03 Solna
  • Sweden

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